AeroMedical examinations aim at screening for elevation in risk of sudden incapacitation, such as a tendency towards myocardial infarction(heart attacks), epilepsy or the presence of metabolic conditions diabetes, etc. which may lead to hazardous condition at altitude.
The goal of the AeroMedical Examination is to protect the life and health of Pilots, Flight attendants, Air traffic controllers and passengers by making reasonable medical assurance that an individual is fit to fly. Other screened conditions such as colour blindness can prevent a person from flying because of an inability to perform a function that is necessary. In this case to tell green from red. These specialized medical exams consist of physical examinations performed by an Aviation Medical Examiner or simple an Aeromedical examiner, doctor trained to screen potential crew for identifiable medical conditions that could lead to problems while performing their duties.
In addition, this unique population of crew is a high-risk group for several diseases and harmful conditions due to irregular work shifts with irregular sleeping and irregular meals (usually carbonated drinks and high energy snacks) and work-related stress. The importance of the Aeromedical examination is not only related to the protection of the personnel working hard in the field of air navigation, but also is related to the high levels of security consisted with today's modern aviation.